How To Redirect www to non-www OR non-www to www with Apache

1. Configure DNS Records

In order to set up the desired redirect, to or vice versa, you must have an A record for each name.

2. Enable the mod_rewrite module

 a2enmod rewrite

3.1 Update site.conf or .htaccess file ( www to non-www)

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^ 
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How to set up an SPF record for your domain?

What are the SPF records?

A Sender Policy Framework (SPFrecord is a type of Domain Name Service (DNS) TXT record that identifies which mail servers are permitted to send an email on behalf of your domain. The purpose of an SPF record is to detect and prevent … Read more

Shell context menu’s for Windows 10


Open Command Prompt here, Open PowerShell here, Open Bash Shell here – (with Elevated privileges)

save these in a .reg file and open to apply.

1. Open Command Prompt and PowerShell here – registry file

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

; Command Prompt

"MUIVerb"="Command Prompts"

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Testing IPSEC VPN Systems with ike-scan

ike-scan is a command-line tool for discovering, fingerprinting and testing IPsec VPN systems. It constructs and sends IKE Phase-1 packets to the specified hosts, and displays any responses that are received.

ike-scan does two things:

  1. Discovery: Determine which hosts are running IKE. This is done by displaying those hosts which
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iptables explained


Iptables is used to set up, maintain, and inspect the tables of IP packet filter rules in the Linux kernel. Several different tables may be defined. Each table contains a number of built-in chains and may also contain user-defined chains.

Each chain is a list of rules which can match … Read more

The new architecture for the Windows Subsystem for Linux: WSL 2!


Changes in this new architecture will allow for: dramatic file system performance increases, and full system call compatibility, meaning you can run more Linux apps in WSL 2 such as Docker.

WSL 2 is a new version of the architecture that powers the Windows Subsystem for Linux to run ELF64 … Read more