fail2ban filters – custom rules using regexp


fail2Ban is a very handy tool to prevent a lot of unwanted traffic from consuming bandwidth on your servers. It’s a minimal and relatively simple IDS Type Tool that comes with some predefined filters to automatically lockout potentially dangerous or bandwidth-consuming type attacks.

1. creating a custom filter

Read more

Restricting Access with HTTP Basic Authentication in Apache and Nginx

You can restrict access to your website or some parts of it by implementing a username/password authentication. Usernames and passwords are taken from a file created and populated by a password file creation tool, for example, apache2-utils.

Creating a Password File

sudo htpasswd -c /etc/httpd/.htpasswd admin
sudo htpasswd -c 
Read more

apache2/httpd – IP based restriction to a virtual host

The Require provides a variety of different ways to allow or deny access to resources. In conjunction with the RequireAll, RequireAny, and RequireNone directives, these requirements may be combined in arbitrarily complex ways, to enforce whatever your access policy happens to be.


<VirtualHost *:80>

Documentroot /var/www/html/

Read more

How to Redirect HTTP to HTTPS in apache

Install modules

yum install -y mod_ssl  mod_rewrite

Enable modules

a2enmod rewrite
a2enmod ssl

Method 1

using rewrite module

<VirtualHost *:80>
RewriteEngine On 
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on 
RewriteRule ^/?(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/$1 [R,L]

Method 2

using redirect method

<VirtualHost *:80>
Redirect permanent /

Read more

How to set up Reverse Proxy in Apache/httpd

Install and enable apache2 proxy modules

sudo a2enmod proxy
sudo a2enmod proxy_http
sudo a2enmod proxy_balancer
sudo a2enmod lbmethod_byrequests
sudo systemctl restart apache2

proxies all requests (“/”) to a single backend:

ProxyPass "/"  ""

to point to the reverse proxy, instead of back to itself, the ProxyPassReverse directive is most often … Read more

How To Redirect www to non-www OR non-www to www with Apache

1. Configure DNS Records

In order to set up the desired redirect, to or vice versa, you must have an A record for each name.

2. Enable the mod_rewrite module

 a2enmod rewrite

3.1 Update site.conf or .htaccess file ( www to non-www)

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^ 
Read more